Digital reflection-mode time-reversed ultrasonically encoded (TRUE) optical focusing

Yuta Suzuki, Jian Wei Tay, Qiang Yang, and Lihong V. Wang


To achieve localized light delivery beyond turbid layers, TRUE optical focusing has been previously implemented by both analog and digital devices. The digital scheme offers a higher energy gain than the analog version. In many biological applications, the reflection-mode configuration, which uses backscattered light from the sample, is more suitable than the transmission-mode configuration. Although reflection-mode analog TRUE focusing has been demonstrated, its digital implementation has not been explored. Here, we report a reflection-mode digital TRUE focusing to concentrate light through a turbid layer. Further, by simply moving the ultrasound focus, we show the system’s dynamic focusing capability.